Propaganda Due

(P2)
   A secretive masonic lodge, the P2 was described as “an association for criminal purposes” by President Alessandro Pertini in October 1981. The existence of the lodge— which boasted over 900 members of Italy’s political, business, military, and journalistic elite—was discovered in March 1981 by prosecutors investigating the illegal activities of two of its members, the financier Michele Sindona (poisoned in prison in 1987) and “God’s banker,” Roberto Calvi, who had made huge illegal payments to Bettino Craxi, leader of the Partito Socialista Italiano/Italian Socialist Party (PSI), shortly before being found hanging under Blackfriars Bridge in London in June 1982. The lodge’s political objectives, as revealed by its grand master, the ex-Nazi collaborator Licio Gelli, were to infiltrate members into the highest ranks of the state and media (the TV entrepreneur Silvio Berlusconi was a member of the lodge) and to press for a presidential republic as a better bulwark against the danger thought to be posed by the Partito Comunista Italiano/Italian Communist Party (PCI).
   The Italian Parliament outlawed the organization in December 1981 and established a Commission of Inquiry, whose May 1984 report confirmed that the P2 had indeed intended to manipulate Italy’s democratic institutions. Only then did Pietro Longo, leader of the Partito Socialista Democratico Italiano/Italian Social Democratic Party (PSDI), as senior politician most directly involved in the scandal, resign from the government. During the inquiry it also became clear that Gelli had been closely connected with the Italian secret services and with right-wing terrorist groups, and with Giulio Andreotti, who was accused of being the godfather of the secretive association. No proof of this charge—which Andreotti indignantly denied—has ever been found. It does seem certain, however, that the P2 had friends in high places. Gelli was subsequently treated with extraordinary leniency by the authorities, and Italy’s high court has since denied—in the face of all the evidence—that the P2 was a subversive organization.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Propaganda Due — Part of a series of articles on Freemasonry Core Articles Freemasonry · Grand Lodge · Masonic Lodge · Masonic Lodge Officers · Grand Master · Prince Hall Freemasonry · Regular Masonic jurisdictions · Continental Fre …   Wikipedia

  • Propaganda Due — Die Organisation Propaganda Due (P2) war ursprünglich eine italienische Freimaurerloge, die in den 1970er Jahren zur Tarnung einer politischen Geheimorganisation zweckentfremdet wurde. 1887 in Rom als freimaurerisches Gegenstück zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Propaganda Due — La loge Propaganda Due [propaˈɡanda ˈduːe], dite P2, fut une loge maçonnique du Grand Orient d Italie de 1945 à 1976. Suspendue par cette obédience en 1976, elle poursuivit cependant son activité de manière indépendante sous la direction de Licio …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Propaganda Due — Este artículo trata sobre la Logia P2. Para el artículo sobre las Tarjetas P2, véase DVCPRO P2. Propaganda Dos (en italiano: Propaganda Due, sigla P2) es el nombre de una logia masónica italiana, que operó en Italia de 1877 a 1981, integrada en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Propaganda (Begriffsklärung) — Propaganda bezeichnet: die gezielte, oft desinformatorische Verbreitung politischer Ideen: Propaganda (allgemein) Propaganda im Ersten Weltkrieg Propaganda des Nationalsozialismus, siehe NS Progaganda Propaganda 2, ausgeschrieben: Propaganda Due …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Propaganda (homonymie) — Propaganda Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. La Congrégation de Propaganda Fide est le département de l administration pontificale chargé de la diffusion du catholicisme et de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Propaganda — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. La Congrégation de Propaganda Fide est le département de l administration pontificale chargé de la diffusion du catholicisme et de l administration des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Due — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Due », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Due peut faire référence à: Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Propaganda of the deed — (or propaganda by the deed , from the French propagande par le fait ) is a concept that promotes physical violence against political enemies as a way of inspiring the masses and catalyzing revolution. It is based on the principles of anarchy and… …   Wikipedia

  • Propaganda during the Reformation — Propaganda during the Reformation, helped by the spread of the printing press throughout Europe, and in particular within Germany, caused new ideas, thoughts, and doctrine to be made available to the public in ways that had never been seen before …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.